Sickle cell anemia is the result of sickle-shaped deformations of the erythrocytes due to a genetic defect. This often leads to occlusions of smaller and larger arteries with recurrent circulatory disorders, which in turn can cause a stroke due to increased blood flow speeds. The disease is mainly found in areas with widespread cases of malaria and occurs from a gene mutation in the children of the infected people. Through migration, sickle cell anemia is spreading globally and is no longer found only in malaria areas.
During an examination with the TCD Routine Program, the user is given the opportunity to automatically display the vessel sections with the highest blood flow speeds and therefore determines the necessary measurement data quickly and easily. The data obtained in this way can be made available in a Report specially developed by DWL for faster diagnosis.
The Transcranial Doppler is not only important in diagnostics, but also in prognostics, and is a decision-making aid for optimal therapy planning during blood transfusions. Blood transfusions in patients with abnormal TCD values significantly reduce the risk of stroke. According to recent studies, children who can benefit from receiving blood transfusions can be identified months before a stroke using TCD measurements.
You can find more information about this in our Doppler Atlas under “Sickle cell anemia”.