Literature

DWL Doppler sonography has achieved record numbers of scientific reference publications in a wide range of applications. Abstracts and papers published on the most relevant studies on the use of Doppler sonography – in particular Transcranial Doppler Sonography (TCD) – can be found here. Our further recommended literature on the use of Doppler devices can be found in the book list.

TCD in Anaesthesiology
2020
Caldas, J. R., Passos, R. D. H., Robinson, T. G., Panerai, R. B., & Minhas, J. S.
Intensive care management of arterial carbon dioxide in acute intracerebral haemorrhage: Case report of influences on cerebral haemodynamics. Ultrasound, 1742271X20903753.
2018
Kurysheva, N. I., Shlapak, V. N., & Ryabova, T. Y.
Heart rate variability in normal tension glaucoma: A case–control study. Medicine, 97(5).
2017
Erkelens, C. D., van der Wal, H. H., de Jong, B. M., Elting, J. W., Renken, R., Gerritsen, M., ... & Voors, A. A.
Dynamics of cerebral blood flow in patients with mild non‐ischaemic heart failure. European journal of heart failure, 19(2), 261-268.
2017
Fuente Mora, C., Palma, J. A., Kaufmann, H., & Norcliffe-Kaufmann, L.
Cerebral autoregulation and symptoms of orthostatic hypotension in familial dysautonomia. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism, 37(7), 2414-2422.
2017
Korbakis, G., & Vespa, P. M.
Multimodal neurologic monitoring. In Handbook of clinical neurology (Vol. 140, pp. 91-105). Elsevier.
2017
Madureira, J., Castro, P., & Azevedo, E.
Demographic and systemic hemodynamic influences in mechanisms of cerebrovascular regulation in healthy adults. Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases, 26(3), 500-508.
2017
Ryu, J., Ko, N., Hu, X., & Shadden, S. C.
Numerical investigation of vasospasm detection by extracranial blood velocity ratios. Cerebrovascular Diseases, 43(5-6), 214-222.
2017
Xiong, L., Liu, X., Shang, T., Smielewski, P., Donnelly, J., Guo, Z. N., ... & Liu, J.
Impaired cerebral autoregulation: measurement and application to stroke. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry, 88(6), 520-531.
2015
Semenyutin, V., Aliev, V., Ivankov, A., Patzak, A., Panuntsev, G., Govorov, B., & Nikiforova, A.
Non-invasive assessment of cerebral autoregulation in real-time mode Cerebrovascular Diseases, 39.
2015
Semenyutin, V., Nikiforova, A., Panuntsev, G., Aliev, V., Patzak, A., Asaturyan, G., ... & Laptev, K.
Cerebral autoregulation in operated patients with stenosis of the carotid arteries:
Cerebrovascular Diseases, 39, 37-38.
2015
Semenyutin, V., Panuntsev, G., Aliev, V., & Patzak, A..
Cerebral autoregulation and shunt flow index in the region of arteriovenous malformation.
Cerebrovascular Diseases 2015, 39.
2014
Pierrakos C, Attou R, Decorte L, Kolyviras A, Malinverni S, Gottignies P, Devriendt J, De Bels D.
Transcranial Doppler to assess sepsis-associated encephalopathy in critically ill patients.
BMC Anesthesiol. 2014; 14:45.
2012
Budohoski KP, Reinhard M, Aries MJH, Czosnyka Z, Smielewski P, Pickard JD, Kirkpatrick PJ, Czosnyka M.
Monitoring cerebral autoregulation after head injury. Which component of transcranial Doppler flow velocity is optimal?
Neurocrit. Care 2012, 17, 211–218.
2012
Gur AY, Auriel E, Korczyn AD, Gadoth A, Shopin L, Giladi N, et al.
Vasomotor reactivity as a predictor for syncope in patients with orthostatism.
Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, vol. 126, no. 1, pp. 32–36, 2012.
2011
Milakovic B, Dimitrijevic I, Malenkovic V, Markovic D, Pantic- Palibrk V, Gvozdenovic L.
Preoperative assessment and preparationof patients with diseases affecting the central nervous system.
ActaChir Iugosl 2011; 58:83–90.
2011
Toyama S, Sakai H, Ito S, Suzuki Y, Kondo Y.
Cerebral hypoperfusion during pediatric cardiac surgery detected by combined bispectral index monitoring and transcranial Doppler ultrasonography.
J Clin Anesth. 2011; 23(6): 498-501.
2010
Aries MJH, Elting JW, De Keyser J, Kremer BPH, Vroomen PCAJ.
Cerebral autoregulation in stroke: A review of transcranial Doppler studies.
Stroke 2010; 41: 2697-2704.
2010
Figaji AA.
Practical aspects of bedside cerebral hemodynamics monitoring in pediatric TBI.
Childs Nerv Syst 2010; 26: 431-439.
2010
Grocott HP, Davie S, Fedorow C
Monitoring of brain function in anesthesia and intensive care.
Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 2010; 23:759–64.
2010
Sharma D, Ellenbogen RG, Vavilala MS.
Use of transcranial Doppler ultrasonography and jugular oximetry to optimize hemodynamics during pediatric posterior fossa craniotomy.
J Clin Neurosci 2010; 17 (12) 1583-1584.
2010
Tzeng YC, Willie CK, Atkinson G, Lucas SJE, Wong A, Ainslie PN.
Cerebrovascular regulation during transient hypotension and hypertension in humans.
Hypertension 2010; 56(2): 268-273.
2010
Zweifel C, Czosnyka Marek, Lavinio A, Castellani G, Kim DJ, Carrera E, Pickard JD, Kirkpatrick PJ, Smielewski P.
A comparison study of cerebral autoregulation assessed with transcranial Doppler and cortical laser Doppler flowmetry.
Neurol. Res. 2010; 32: 425-428.
2009
Bellapart J, Fraser JF.
Transcranial Doppler assessment of cerebral autoregulation.
Ultrasound Med Biol 2009; 35: 883-893.
2009
Czosnyka M, Brady K, Reinhard M, Smielewski P, Steiner LA.
Monitoring of cerebrovascular autoregulation: facts, myths, and missing links.
Neurocrit Care 2009; 10: 373-386.
2009
Dagal A, Lam AM.
Cerebral autoregulation and anesthesia.
Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 2009, 22, 547–552
2009
Lorenz MW, Loesel N, Thoelen N, Gonzalez M, Lienerth C, Dvorak F, , Rölz W, Humpich M, Sitzer M.
Effects of poor bone window on the assessment of cerebral autoregulation with transcranial Doppler sonography - a source of systematic bias and strategies to avoid it.
J. Neurol. Sci. 2009; 283: 49-56.
2008
Puppo C, López L, Caragna E, Biestro A.
One-minute dynamic cerebral autoregulation in severe head injury patients and its comparison with static autoregulation. A transcranial Doppler study.
Neurocrit Care 2008; 8: 344-352.
2008
Vernieri F, Tibuzzi F, Pasqualetti P, Altamura C, Palazzo P, Rossini PM, Silvestrini M.
Increased cerebral vasomotor reactivity in migraine with aura: an autoregulation disorder? A transcranial Doppler and near-infrared spectroscopy study.
Cephalalgia 2008; 28: 689-695.
2007
Lavinio A, Schmidt EA, Haubrich C, Smielewski Piotr, Pickard John D, Czosnyka Marek.
Noninvasive evaluation of dynamic cerebrovascular autoregulation using Finapres plethysmograph and transcranial Doppler.
Stroke 2007; 38: 402-404.
2007
Lewis PM, Smielewski P, Pickard J D, Czosnyka M.
Dynamic cerebral autoregulation: should intracranial pressure be taken into account?
Acta Neurochir (Wien) 2007; 149: 549-555
2006
Aaslid R.
Cerebral autoregulation and vasomotor reactivity.
Front Neurol Neurosci 2006; 21: 216-228.
2002
Greene SA.
Anesthesia for the patient with neurologic disease.
Veterinary Anesthesia and Pain Management Secrets. Philadelphia, PA:Hanley & Belfus, 2002, chapt. 32, p. 193–196.
2001
Rosengarten B, Huwendiek O and Kaps M.
Neurovascular coupling and cerebral autoregulation can be described in terms of a control system: Validation of a Second -order Linear System Model.
Ultrasound Med Biol 2001; 27: 189–193.
Schramm P, Engelhard K, Scherhag A, Schier F, Werner C. High-intensity transient signals during laparoscopic surgery in children.
Vaso Motor Reactivity
2020
Caldas, J. R., Passos, R. D. H., Robinson, T. G., Panerai, R. B., & Minhas, J. S.
Intensive care management of arterial carbon dioxide in acute intracerebral haemorrhage: Case report of influences on cerebral haemodynamics. Ultrasound, 1742271X20903753.
2018
Kurysheva, N. I., Shlapak, V. N., & Ryabova, T. Y.
Heart rate variability in normal tension glaucoma: A case–control study. Medicine, 97(5).
2017
Erkelens, C. D., van der Wal, H. H., de Jong, B. M., Elting, J. W., Renken, R., Gerritsen, M., ... & Voors, A. A.
Dynamics of cerebral blood flow in patients with mild non‐ischaemic heart failure. European journal of heart failure, 19(2), 261-268.
2017
Fuente Mora, C., Palma, J. A., Kaufmann, H., & Norcliffe-Kaufmann, L.
Cerebral autoregulation and symptoms of orthostatic hypotension in familial dysautonomia. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism, 37(7), 2414-2422.
2017
Korbakis, G., & Vespa, P. M.
Multimodal neurologic monitoring. In Handbook of clinical neurology (Vol. 140, pp. 91-105). Elsevier.
2017
Madureira, J., Castro, P., & Azevedo, E.
Demographic and systemic hemodynamic influences in mechanisms of cerebrovascular regulation in healthy adults. Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases, 26(3), 500-508.
2017
Ryu, J., Ko, N., Hu, X., & Shadden, S. C.
Numerical investigation of vasospasm detection by extracranial blood velocity ratios. Cerebrovascular Diseases, 43(5-6), 214-222.
2017
Xiong, L., Liu, X., Shang, T., Smielewski, P., Donnelly, J., Guo, Z. N., ... & Liu, J.
Impaired cerebral autoregulation: measurement and application to stroke. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry, 88(6), 520-531.
2015
Semenyutin, V., Aliev, V., Ivankov, A., Patzak, A., Panuntsev, G., Govorov, B., & Nikiforova, A.
Non-invasive assessment of cerebral autoregulation in real-time mode Cerebrovascular Diseases, 39.
2015
Semenyutin, V., Nikiforova, A., Panuntsev, G., Aliev, V., Patzak, A., Asaturyan, G., ... & Laptev, K.
Cerebral autoregulation in operated patients with stenosis of the carotid arteries:
Cerebrovascular Diseases, 39, 37-38.
2015
Semenyutin, V., Panuntsev, G., Aliev, V., & Patzak, A..
Cerebral autoregulation and shunt flow index in the region of arteriovenous malformation.
Cerebrovascular Diseases 2015, 39.
2012
Budohoski KP, Reinhard M, Aries MJH, Czosnyka Z, Smielewski P, Pickard JD, Kirkpatrick PJ, Czosnyka M.
Monitoring cerebral autoregulation after head injury. Which component of transcranial Doppler flow velocity is optimal?
Neurocrit. Care 2012, 17, 211–218.
2012
Gur AY, Auriel E, Korczyn AD, Gadoth A, Shopin L, Giladi N, et al.
Vasomotor reactivity as a predictor for syncope in patients with orthostatism.
Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, vol. 126, no. 1, pp. 32–36.
2010
Aries MJH, Elting JW, De Keyser J, Kremer BPH, Vroomen PCAJ.
Cerebral autoregulation in stroke: A review of transcranial Doppler studies.
Stroke 2010; 41: 2697-2704.
2010
Figaji AA.
Practical aspects of bedside cerebral hemodynamics monitoring in pediatric TBI.
Childs Nerv Syst 2010; 26: 431-439.
2010
Tzeng YC, Willie CK, Atkinson G, Lucas SJE, Wong A, Ainslie PN.
Cerebrovascular regulation during transient hypotension and hypertension in humans.
Hypertension 2010; 56(2): 268-273.
2010
Zweifel C, Czosnyka Marek, Lavinio A, Castellani G, Kim DJ, Carrera E, Pickard JD, Kirkpatrick PJ, Smielewski P.
A comparison study of cerebral autoregulation assessed with transcranial Doppler and cortical laser Doppler flowmetry.
Neurol. Res. 2010; 32: 425-428.
2009
Bellapart J, Fraser JF.
Transcranial Doppler assessment of cerebral autoregulation.
Ultrasound Med Biol 2009; 35: 883-893.
2009
Czosnyka M, Brady K, Reinhard M, Smielewski P, Steiner LA.
Monitoring of cerebrovascular autoregulation: facts, myths, and missing links.
Neurocrit Care 2009; 10: 373-386.
2009
Lorenz MW, Loesel N, Thoelen N, Gonzalez M, Lienerth C, Dvorak F, , Rölz W, Humpich M, Sitzer M.
Effects of poor bone window on the assessment of cerebral autoregulation with transcranial Doppler sonography - a source of systematic bias and strategies to avoid it.
J. Neurol. Sci. 2009; 283: 49-56.
2009
Panerai RB.
Transcranial Doppler for evaluation of cerebral autoregulation.
Clin. Auton. Res. 2009; 19: 197-211.
2008
Puppo C, López L, Caragna E, Biestro A.
One-minute dynamic cerebral autoregulation in severe head injury patients and its comparison with static autoregulation. A transcranial Doppler study.
Neurocrit Care 2008; 8: 344-352.
2008
Vernieri F, Tibuzzi F, Pasqualetti P, Altamura C, Palazzo P, Rossini PM, Silvestrini M.
Increased cerebral vasomotor reactivity in migraine with aura: an autoregulation disorder? A transcranial Doppler and near-infrared spectroscopy study.
Cephalalgia 2008; 28: 689-695.
2007
Lavinio A, Schmidt EA, Haubrich C, Smielewski Piotr, Pickard John D, Czosnyka Marek.
Noninvasive evaluation of dynamic cerebrovascular autoregulation using Finapres plethysmograph and transcranial Doppler.
Stroke 2007; 38: 402-404.
2007
Lewis PM, Smielewski P, Pickard J D, Czosnyka M.
Dynamic cerebral autoregulation: should intracranial pressure be taken into account?
Acta Neurochir (Wien) 2007; 149: 549-555
2006
Aaslid R.
Cerebral autoregulation and vasomotor reactivity.
Front Neurol Neurosci 2006; 21: 216-228.
2001
Rosengarten B, Huwendiek O and Kaps M.
Neurovascular coupling and cerebral autoregulation can be described in terms of a control system: Validation of a Second -order Linear System Model.
Ultrasound Med Biol 2001; 27: 189–193.
Noninvasive Estimation of Intracranial Pressure using TCD
2020
Caldas, J. R., Passos, R. D. H., Robinson, T. G., Panerai, R. B., & Minhas, J. S.
Intensive care management of arterial carbon dioxide in acute intracerebral haemorrhage: Case report of influences on cerebral haemodynamics. Ultrasound, 1742271X20903753.
2017
Cardim, D., Schmidt, B., Robba, C., Donnelly, J., Puppo, C., Czosnyka, M., & Smielewski, P.
Transcranial Doppler monitoring of intracranial pressure plateau waves. Neurocritical Care, 26(3), 330-338.
2014
Wakerley B, Yohana K, Luen Teoh H, Tan CW, Chan BPL, Sharma VK.
Non-invasive intracranial pressure monitoring with transcranial Doppler in a patient with progressive cerebral venous sinus thrombosis.
J Neuroimaging 2014; 24(3):302–4.
2014
Wakerley BR, Kusuma Y, Yeo LLL, Liang S, Kumar K, Sharma AK, Sharma VK.
Usefulness of transcranial doppler-derived cerebral hemodynamic parameters in the noninvasive assessment of intracranial pressure.
J. Neuroimaging 2014, 25, 111–116.
2012
Budohoski KP, Reinhard M, Aries MJH, Czosnyka Z, Smielewski P, Pickard JD, Kirkpatrick PJ, Czosnyka M.
Monitoring cerebral autoregulation after head injury. Which component of transcranial Doppler flow velocity is optimal?
Neurocrit. Care 2012, 17, 211–218.
2012
Prunet B, Asencio Y, Lacroix G, Montcriol A, Dagain A, Cotte J, et al.
Noninvasive detection of elevated intracranial pressure using a portable ultrasound system.
The American Journal of Am J Emerg Med 2012;30:936–941.
2011
Bouzat P, Francony G, Declety P, Genty C, Kaddour A, Bessou P, et al.
Transcranial Doppler to screen on admission patients with mild to moderate traumatic brain injury.
Neurosurgery 2011; 68: 1603-1609; discussion 1609-1610.
2011
Melo JRT, Di Rocco F, Blanot S, Cuttaree H, Sainte-Rose C, Oliveira-Filho J, et al.
Transcranial Doppler can predict intracranial hypertension in children with severe traumatic brain injuries.
Childs Nerv Syst 2011; 27: 979-984.
2011
Radolovich DK, Aries M J H, Castellani G, Corona A, Lavinio A, Smielewski P, et al.
Pulsatile intracranial pressure and cerebral autoregulation after traumatic brain injury.
Neurocrit Care 2011; 15: 379-386.
2011
Rosenberg JB, Shiloh AL, Savel RH, Eisen LA.
Non-invasive Methods of Estimating Intracranial Pressure.
Neurocrit Care 2011; 15: 599-608.
2011
Sorrentino E, Budohoski KP, Kasprowicz M, Smielewski Peter, Matta B, Pickard John D, et al.
Critical thresholds for transcranial Doppler indices of cerebral autoregulation in traumatic brain injury.
Neurocrit Care 2011; 14: 188-193.
2011
Stover JF.
Actual evidence for neuromonitoring-guided intensive care following severe traumatic brain injury.
Swiss Med Wkly 2011; 141: w13245.
2009
Leliefeld PH, Gooskens RHJM, Peters RJM, Tulleken CAF, Kappelle LJ, Han KS, et al.
New transcranial Doppler index in infants with hydrocephalus: transsystolic time in clinical practice.
Ultrasound Med Biol 2009; 35: 1601-1606.
2007
Ract C, Le Moigno S, Bruder N, Vigué B.
Transcranial Doppler ultrasound goal-directed therapy for the early management of severe traumatic brain injury.
Intensive Care Med 2007; 33: 645-651.
2006
Bor-Seng-Shu E, Hirsch R, Teixeira MJ, De Andrade AF, Marino R Jr.
Cerebral hemodynamic changes gauged by transcranial Doppler ultrasonography in patients with posttraumatic brain swelling treated by surgical decompression.
J. Neurosurg. 2006; 104: 93-100.
2006
Miranda P, Lagares A, Alen J, Perez-Nuñez A, Arrese I, Lobato RD.
Early transcranial Doppler after subarachnoid hemorrhage: Clinical and radiological correlations.
Surg Neurol 2006; 65: 247-252; discussion 252.
2006
Splavski B, Radanović B, Vranković D, Has B, Muzević D, Janculjak D, et al.
Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography as an early outcome forecaster following severe brain injury.
Br J Neurosurg 2006; 20: 386-390.
TCD and Alzheimers Disease / Dementia
2019
Purkayastha, S., Sorond, F. A., Lyng, S., Frantz, J., Murphy, M. N., Hynan, L. S., ... & Bell, K. R.
Impaired cerebral vasoreactivity despite symptom resolution in sports-related concussion. Journal of neurotrauma, 36(16), 2385-2390.
2014
Boban M, Crnac P, Junakovic A, Garami Z, Malojcic B.
Blood flow velocity changes in anterior cerebral arteries during cognitive tasks performance.
Brain and Cognition, 2014, 84(1), pp. 26-33.
2014
Caplan GA, Lan Z, Newton L, Kvelde T, McVeigh C, Hill MA.
Transcranial Doppler to measure cerebral blood flow in delirium superimposed on dementia. A cohort study.
J Am Med Direct Assoc 2014; 15: 355–360.
2014
Olavarría VV, Arima H, Anderson CS, Brunser AM, Muñoz-Venturelli P, Heritier S, Lavados PM.
Head position and cerebral blood flow velocity in acute ischemic stroke: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Cerebrovasc Dis 2014; 37:401–8.
2014
Tomek A, Urbanova B, Hort J.
Utility of transcranial ultrasound in predicting Alzheimer's disease risk.
J Alzheimers Dis 2014, 42, S365-S374.
2011
Milakovic B, Dimitrijevic I, Malenkovic V, Markovic D, Pantic- Palibrk V, Gvozdenovic L.
Preoperative assessment and preparationof patients with diseases affecting the central nervous system.
ActaChir Iugosl 2011; 58:83–90.
2011
Roher AE, Garami Z, Tyas SL, Maarouf CL, Kokjohn TA, Belohlavek M, Vedders LJ, Connor D, et al.
Transcranial Doppler ultrasound blood flow velocity and pulsatility index as systemic indicators for Alzheimer’s disease.
Alzheimers Dement. 2011; 7(4):445–455.
2010
Grocott HP, Davie S, Fedorow C
Monitoring of brain function in anesthesia and intensive care.
Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 2010; 23:759–64.
2010
Rosengarten B, Kaps M.
A simultaneous EEG and transcranial Doppler technique to investigate the neurovascular coupling in the human visual cortex.
Cerebrovasc Dis 2010, 29:211–6.
2009
Claassen JAHR, Diaz-Arrastia R, Martin-Cook K, Levine BD, Zhang R.
Altered cerebral hemodynamics in early Alzheimer disease: A pilot study using transcranial Doppler.
J. Alzheimers Dis. 2009, 17, 621–629.
2009
Dagal A, Lam AM.
Cerebral autoregulation and anesthesia.
Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 2009, 22, 547–552
2009
Likitjaroen Y, Suwanwela NC, Phanthumchinda K.
Vasoreactivity induced by acetazolamide in patients with vascular dementia versus Alzheimer’s disease.
J Neurol Sci. 2009; 283:32–35.
2007
Vicenzini E, Ricciardi MC, Altieri M, Puccinelli F, Bonaffini N, Di Piero V, Lenzi GL:
Cerebrovascular reactivity in degenerative and vascular dementia: A transcranial Doppler study.
Eur Neurol 2007, 58: 84–89.
2005
Asil T, Uzuner N.
Differentiation of vascular dementia and Alzheimer disease: A functional transcranial Doppler ultrasonographic study.
J Ultrasound Med 2005;24:1065–1070.
2002
Greene SA.
Anesthesia for the patient with neurologic disease.
Veterinary Anesthesia and Pain Management Secrets. Philadelphia, PA:Hanley & Belfus, 2002, chapt. 32, p. 193–196.
Detection and Differentiation of Emboli
2020
Yu, X., Yang, J., & Wu, D. .
The Value of c-TCD in the Diagnosis of Migraine and Cryptogenic Stroke Caused by PFO. Journal of Clinical and Nursing Research, 4(2).
2011
Girault J-M, Kouamé D, Ménigot S, Guidi F, Souchon G, Remenieras J-P.
Analysis of index modulation of doppler microembolic signals part II: In vitro discrimination.
Ultrasound Med Biol 2011; 37: 102-111.
2011
Girault J-M, Kouamé D, Ménigot S, Souchon G, Tranquart F.
Analysis of index modulation in microembolic Doppler signals part I: Radiation force as a new hypothesis-simulations.
Ultrasound Med Biol 2011; 37: 87-101.
2010
Van H, Poommipanit P, Shalaby M, Gevorgyan R, Tseng CH, Tobis J.
Sensitivity of transcranial Doppler versus intracardiac echocardiography in the detection of right-to-left shunt.
JACC Cardiovasc Imaging 2010; 3(4): 343-348.
2000
Jauss, M., & Zanette, E.
Detection of right-to-left shunt with ultrasound contrast agent and transcranial Doppler sonography. Cerebrovascular diseases, 10(6), 490-496.
2009
Caputi L, Carriero MR, Falcone C, Parati E, Piotti P, Materazzo C, et al.
Transcranial Doppler and transesophageal echocardiography: Comparison of both techniques and prospective clinical relevance of transcranial Doppler in patent foramen ovale detection.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2009; 18: 343-348.
2009
Jesurum JT, Fuller CJ, Renz J, Krabill KA, Spencer MP, Reisman M.
Diagnosis of secondary source of right-to-left shunt with balloon occlusion of patent foramen ovale and power M-mode transcranial Doppler.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv 2009; 2: 561-567.
2009
Rodriguez RA, Nathan HJ, Ruel M, Rubens F, Dafoe D, Mesana T.
A method to distinguish between gaseous and solid cerebral emboli in patients with prosthetic heart valves.
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2009; 35: 89-95.
2009
Skjelland M, Krohg-Sørensen K, Tennøe B, Bakke SJ, Brucher R, Russell D.
Cerebral microemboli and brain injury during carotid artery endarterectomy and stenting.
Stroke 2009; 40: 230-234.
2007
Guerrieri Wolf L, Abu-Omar Y, Choudhary BP, Pigott D, Taggart DP.
Gaseous and solid cerebral microembolization during proximal aortic anastomoses in off-pump coronary surgery: The effect of an aortic side-biting clamp and two clampless devices.
J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg. 2007; 133: 485-493
2007
Saver, J. L.
Cryptogenic stroke in patients with patent foramen ovale. Current atherosclerosis reports, 9(4), 319-325.
2006
Chen C-I, Iguchi Y, Garami Z, Malkoff MD, Smalling RW, Campbell MS, et al.
Analysis of emboli during carotid stenting with distal protection device.
Cerebrovasc. Dis. 2006; 21: 223-228.
2006
Maselli D, Pizio R, Musumeci F.
Multifrequency transcranial Doppler for intraoperative automatic detection and characterisation of cerebral microemboli during port-access mitral valve surgery.
Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg 2006; 5: 32-35.
2005
Homma, S., & Sacco, R. L.
Patent foramen ovale and stroke. Circulation, 112(7), 1063-1072.
2004
Abu-Omar Y, Balacumaraswami L, Pigott DW, Matthews PM, Taggart DP.
Solid and gaseous cerebral microembolization during off-pump, on-pump, and open cardiac surgery procedures.
J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg. 2004; 127: 1759-1765
2002
Brucher R, Russell D.
Automatic online embolus detection and artifact rejection with the first multifrequency transcranial Doppler.
Stroke 2002; 33: 1969-1974.
2002
Russell D, Brucher R.
Online automatic discrimination between solid and gaseous cerebral microemboli with the first multifrequency transcranial Doppler.
Stroke 2002; 33: 1975-1980.
1999
Droste, D. W., Kriete, J. U., Stypmann, J., Castrucci, M., Wichter, T., Tietje, R., ... & Ringelstein, E. B.
Contrast transcranial Doppler ultrasound in the detection of right-to-left shunts: comparison of different procedures and different contrast agents. Stroke, 30(9), 1827-1832.
1999
Schwarze, J. J., Sander, D., Kukla, C., Wittich, I., Babikian, V. L., & Klingelhofer, J.
Methodological parameters influence the detection of right-to-left shunts by contrast transcranial Doppler ultrasonography. Stroke, 30(6), 1234-1239.
1997
Kaps M, Hansen J, Weiher M, Tiffert K, Kayser I, Droste DW.
Clinically silent microemboli in patients with artificial prosthetic aortic valves are predominantly gaseous and not solid.
Stroke. 1997;28:322–325.
1997
Kaps M, Hansen J, Weiher M, Tiffert K, Kayser I, Droste DW.
Introduction of an embolus detection system based on analysis of the transcranial Doppler audio-signal.
Stroke 1997; 28, 2: 322-325.
1996
Zanette, E. M., Mancini, G., De Castro, S., Solaro, M., Cartoni, D., & Chiarotti, F.
Patent foramen ovale and transcranial Doppler: comparison of different procedures. Stroke, 27(12), 2251-2255.
Emboli Detection to evaluate Risk of Stroke
2020
Yu, X., Yang, J., & Wu, D.
The Value of c-TCD in the Diagnosis of Migraine and Cryptogenic Stroke Caused by PFO. Journal of Clinical and Nursing Research, 4(2).
2015
Lee J, Hwang SH, Park JH.
The changes of the size of carotid arterial plaque during 10 years in acute stroke patients.
Journal of the Neurological Sciences 357 (2015) e391
2014
Van Lammeren GW, Van De Mortel RH, Visscher M, Pasterkamp G, De Borst GJ, Moll FL, Vink A, Tromp SC, De Vries JP.
Spontaneous preoperative microembolic signals detected with transcranial doppler are associated with vulnerable carotid plaque characteristics.
J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino). 2014;55:375-380
2013
Lau AY, Zhao Y, Chen C, et al.
Dual antiplatelets reduce microembolic signals in patients with transient ischemic attack and minor stroke: subgroup analysis of CLAIR study.
Int J Stroke 2013 Mar 12. [Epub ahead of print.]
2012
Yamaoka Y, Ichikawa Y, Kimura T, Sameshima T, Ochiai C, Morita A.
A Novel Method for Transcranial Doppler Microembolic Signal Monitoring at the Vertebrobasilar Junction in Vertebral Artery Dissection Patients.
J Neuroimaging 2012; 20:1-4.
2011
Jayasooriya G, Thapar A, Shalhoub J, Davies AH.
Silent cerebral events in asymptomatic carotid stenosis.
J. Vasc. Surg. 2011; 54: 227-236.
2011
King A, Shipley M, Markus H.
Optimizing Protocols for Risk Prediction in Asymptomatic Carotid Stenosis Using Embolic Signal Detection: The Asymptomatic Carotid Emboli Study.
Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation 2011; 42: 2819-2824.
2011
Sebastian J, Derksen C, Khan K, Saqqur M.
The role of transcranial Doppler embolic monitoring in the management of intracranial arterial stenosis.
J Neuroimaging 2011; 21: e166-168.
2011
Topakian R, King A, Kwon SU, Schaafsma A, Shipley M, Markus H S.
Ultrasonic plaque echolucency and emboli signals predict stroke in asymptomatic carotid stenosis.
Neurology 2011; 77: 751-758.
2010
Markus HS, King A, Shipley M, Topakian R, Cullinane M, Reihill S, et al.
Asymptomatic embolisation for prediction of stroke in the Asymptomatic Carotid Emboli Study (ACES): A prospective observational study.
Lancet Neurol 2010; 9: 663-671.
2009
King A, Markus Hugh S.
Doppler embolic signals in cerebrovascular disease and prediction of stroke risk: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
Stroke 2009; 40: 3711-3717.
2009
Telman G, Kouperberg E, Hlebtovsky A, Sprecher E, Hoffman A, Beyar R.
Determinants of micro-embolic signals in patients with atherosclerotic plaques of the internal carotid artery.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 2009; 38: 143-147.
2009
Zhang C, Qu S, Zhang C, Qu S, Li H, Li G, et al.
Microembolic signals and carotid plaque characteristics in patients with asymptomatic carotid stenosis.
Scand. Cardiovasc. J. 2009; 43: 345-351.
2008
Dittrich R, Ringelstein EB.
Occurrence and clinical impact of microembolic signals (MES) in patients with chronic cardiac diseases and atheroaortic plaques--A systematic review.
Curr Vasc Pharmacol 2008; 6: 329-334.
2008
Ritter MA, Dittrich R, Thoenissen N, Ringelstein EB, Nabavi DG.
Prevalence and prognostic impact of microembolic signals in arterial sources of embolism. A systematic review of the literature.
J. Neurol. 2008; 255: 953-961.
2007
Saver, J. L.
Cryptogenic stroke in patients with patent foramen ovale. Current atherosclerosis reports, 9(4), 319-325.
2005
Homma, S., & Sacco, R. L.
Patent foramen ovale and stroke. Circulation, 112(7), 1063-1072.
2005
Spence JD, Tamayo A, Lownie SP, Ng WP, Ferguson GG.
Absence of microemboli on transcranial Doppler identifies low-risk patients with asymptomatic carotid stenosis.
Stroke 2005; 36: 2373-2378.
1998
Ringelstein, E. B., Droste, D. W., Babikian, V. L., Evans, D. H., Grosset, D. G., Kaps, M., ... & Siebler, M.
Consensus on microembolus detection by TCD. Stroke, 29, 725-729.
1996
Zanette, E. M., Mancini, G., De Castro, S., Solaro, M., Cartoni, D., & Chiarotti, F.
Patent foramen ovale and transcranial Doppler: comparison of different procedures. Stroke, 27(12), 2251-2255.
1995
Consensus Committee of the Ninth International Cerebral Hemodynamic Symposium.
Basic identification criteria of Doppler microembolic signals. Stroke, 26(6), 1123.
Jatužis D, Valaikienė J, Beliak L.
Difficult differential diagnosis of intracranial occlusive disease: Clinical case.
Centre of Neurology, Vilnius University Hospital Santariskiu klinikos, and Clinics of Neurology and Neurosurgery, Vilnius University
Functional TCD
2020
Caldas, J. R., Passos, R. D. H., Robinson, T. G., Panerai, R. B., & Minhas, J. S.
Intensive care management of arterial carbon dioxide in acute intracerebral haemorrhage: Case report of influences on cerebral haemodynamics. Ultrasound, 1742271X20903753.
2015
Wolf ME.
Functional TCD: Regulation of cerebral hemodynamics—cerebral autoregulation, vasomotor reactivity, and neurovascular coupling.
Front Neurol Neurosci 2015;36:40e56.
2014
Boban M, Crnac P, Junakovic A, Malojcic B.
Hemodynamic monitoring of middle cerebral arteries during cognitive tasks performance.
Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2014;68(11):795–803.
2014
Castro PM, Santos R, Freitas J, et al.
Autonomic dysfunction affects dynamic cerebral autoregulation during Valsalva maneuver: comparison between healthy and autonomic dysfunction subjects.
J Appl Physiol 2014; 117: 205–213.
2014
Gardner AJ, Tan CO, Ainslie PN, van Donkelaar P, Stanwell P, Levi CR, Iverson GL.
Cerebrovascular reactivity assessed by transcranial Doppler ultrasound in sport-related concussion: A systematic review.
Br. J. Sports Med. 2014, 49, 1050–1055.
2014
Hajjar I, Marmarelis V, Shin DC, et al.
Assessment of cerebrovascular reactivity during resting state breathing and its correlation with cognitive function in hypertension.
Cerebrovascular Dis. 2014; 38:10–16.
2014
Meyer GF, Spray A, Fairlie JE, Uomini NT.
Inferring common cognitive mechanisms from brain blood-flow lateralization data: A new methodology for fTCD analysis.
Frontiers in Psychology, 2014, 5(552), 1–15.
2014
Reinhard M, Schwarzer G, Briel M, et al.
Cerebrovascular reactivity predicts stroke in highgrade carotid artery disease.
Neurology 2014; 83:1424–1431.
2013
Fierstra, J., Sobczyk, O., Battisti‐Charbonney, A., Mandell, D. M., Poublanc, J., Crawley, A. P., ... & Fisher, J. A.
Measuring cerebrovascular reactivity: what stimulus to use?. The Journal of physiology, 591(23), 5809-5821.
2011
Badcock NA, Holt G, Holden A, Bishop DVM.
dopOSCCI:
A functional transcranial Doppler ultrasonography summary suite for the assessment of cerebral lateralization of cognitive function.
J. Neurosci. Methods 2011, 204:383–388.
2011
House PM, Brückner KE, Lohmann HH.
Presurgical functional transcranial Doppler sonography (fTCD) with intravenous echo enhancing agent SonoVue enables determination of language lateralization in epilepsy patients with poor temporal bone windows.
Epilepsia 2011; 52: 636-639.
2010
Bishop DVM, Badcock NA, Holt G.
Assessment of cerebral lateralization in children using functional transcranial Doppler ultrasound (fTCD)
Journal of Visualised Experiments, 2010:43.
2010
Rosengarten B, Kaps M.
A simultaneous EEG and transcranial Doppler technique to investigate the neurovascular coupling in the human visual cortex.
Cerebrovasc Dis 2010, 29:211–6.
2009
Bishop DVM, Watt H, Papadatou-Pastou M.
An efficient and reliable method for measuring cerebral lateralization during speech with functional transcranial Doppler ultrasound.
Neuropsychologia 2009; 47: 587-590.
2007
Treger I, Luzki L, Gil M, Ring H.
Transcranial Doppler monitoring during language tasks in stroke patients with aphasia.
Disabil Rehabil 2007; 29: 1177-1183.
2006
Lohmann H, Ringelstein EB, Knecht S.
Functional transcranial Doppler sonography.
Front Neurol Neurosci 2006; 21: 251-260.
2003
Rosengarten B, Spiller A, Aldinger C, Kaps M.
Control system analysis of visually evoked blood flow regulation in humans under normocapnia and hypercapnia.
Eur J Ultrasound 2003, 16: 169–175.
2003
Zimmermann, C., & Haberl, R. L.
L-arginine improves diminished cerebral CO2 reactivity in patients. Stroke, 34(3), 643-647.
2001
Rosengarten B, Huwendiek O and Kaps M.
Neurovascular coupling and cerebral autoregulation can be described in terms of a control system: Validation of a Second -order Linear System Model.
Ultrasound Med Biol 2001; 27: 189–193.
1999
Valdueza, J. M., Draganski, B., Hoffmann, O., Dirnagl, U., & Einhäupl, K. M.
Analysis of CO2 vasomotor reactivity and vessel diameter changes by simultaneous venous and arterial Doppler recordings. Stroke, 30(1), 81-86.
1992
Ringelstein, E. B., Van Eyck, S., & Mertens, I.
Evaluation of cerebral vasomotor reactivity by various vasodilating stimuli: comparison of CO2 to acetazolamide. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism, 12(1), 162-168.
1988
Ringelstein, E. B., Sievers, C., Ecker, S., Schneider, P. A., & Otis, S. M.
Noninvasive assessment of CO2-induced cerebral vasomotor response in normal individuals and patients with internal carotid artery occlusions. Stroke, 19(8), 963-969.
1986
Widder B, Paulat K, Hackspacher J, Mayr E.
Transcranial Doppler CO2 test for the detection of hemodynamically critical carotid artery stenoses and occlusions.
Eur Arch Psychiatry Neurol Sci.1986; 236:162-168.
TCD in Intensive Care
2020
Caldas, J. R., Passos, R. D. H., Robinson, T. G., Panerai, R. B., & Minhas, J. S.
Intensive care management of arterial carbon dioxide in acute intracerebral haemorrhage: Case report of influences on cerebral haemodynamics. Ultrasound, 1742271X20903753.
2014
Bouzat P, Oddo M, Payen J-F.
Transcranial Doppler after traumatic brain injury: Is there a role?
Curr. Opin. Crit. Care 2014, 20, 153–160.
2014
Merceron S, Geeraerts T, Montlahuc C, Bedos J, Resche-Rigon M, Legriel S.
Assessment of cerebral blood flow changes in nonconvulsive status epilepticus in comatose patients: A pathophysiological transcranial Doppler study.
Seizure. 2014;23(4):284–289.
2014
Pierrakos C, Attou R, Decorte L, Kolyviras A, Malinverni S, Gottignies P, Devriendt J, De Bels D.
Transcranial Doppler to assess sepsis-associated encephalopathy in critically ill patients.
BMC Anesthesiol. 2014; 14:45.
2013
Mayans DR, Meads DB, Reynolds PS.
Transcranial Doppler identifies a malfunctioning extraventricular drain.
J. Neuroimaging 2013, 24, 518–519.
2011
Harding U, Goeters C, Schmidt C.
Applications of ultrasound in the intensive care unit.
Anasthesiol Intensivmed Notfallmed Schmerzther 2011; 46: 190-200; quiz 201.
2010
Grocott HP, Davie S, Fedorow C
Monitoring of brain function in anesthesia and intensive care.
Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 2010; 23:759–64.
2008
Rasulo FA, De Peri E, Lavinio A.
Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography in intensive care.
Eur J Anaesthesiol Suppl 2008; 42: 167-173.
2008
Rigamonti A, Ackery A, Baker AJ.
Transcranial Doppler monitoring in subarachnoid hemorrhage: A critical tool in critical care.
Can J Anaesth 2008; 55: 112-123.
2007
Saqqur M, Zygun D, Demchuk A.
Role of transcranial Doppler in neurocritical care.
Crit. Care Med. 2007; 35: S216-223.
2006
White H, Venkatesh B.
Applications of transcranial Doppler in the ICU: A review.
Intensive Care Med 2006; 32: 981-994.
Micro-Doppler with 16 MHz
2011
Cui H, Wang Y, Yin Y, Wan J, Fei Z, Gao W, et al.
Role of intraoperative microvascular Doppler in the microsurgical management of intracranial aneurysms.
J Clin Ultrasound 2011; 39: 27-31.
2010
Fischer G, Stadie A, Oertel JMK.
Near-infrared indocyanine green videoangiography versus microvascular Doppler sonography in aneurysm surgery.
Acta Neurochir (Wien) 2010; 152: 1519-1525.
2008
Kapsalaki EZ, Lee GP, Robinson JS 3rd, Grigorian AA, Fountas KN.
The role of intraoperative micro-Doppler ultrasound in verifying proper clip placement in intracranial aneurysm surgery.
J Clin Neurosci 2008; 15: 153-157.
2007
Akdemir H, Oktem S, Menkü A, Tucer B, Tuğcu B, Günaldi O.
Image-guided microneurosurgical management of small arteriovenous malformation: Role of neuronavigation and intraoperative Doppler sonography.
Minim Invasive Neurosurg 2007; 50: 163-169.
2007
Tong J, Wang S, Zhao Y-li, Zhao J-zong.
Intraoperative microvascular Doppler ultrasonography monitoring in intracranial aneurysm surgery.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2007; 87: 881-884.
2006
Akdemir H, Oktem IS, Tucer B, Menkü A, Başaslan K, Günaldi O.
Intraoperative microvascular Doppler sonography in aneurysm surgery.
Minim Invasive Neurosurg 2006; 49: 312-316.
2005
Hertel F, Feiden W, Bettag M.
The value of micro-Doppler in stereotactic brain biopsy.
Minim Invasive Neurosurg 2005; 48: 165-168.
Neuro Monitoring
2018
Schaafsma A.
A new method for correcting middle cerebral artery flow velocity for age by calculating Z-scores.
J Neuroscience Methods, 2018; 307: 1-7.
2017
de Goede AA, Loef BG, Reidinga AC, Schaafsma A.
Fluid Resuscitation in Septic Patients Improves Systolic but not Diastolic Middle Cerebral Artery Flow Velocity.
Ultrasound Med Biol, 2017; 43: 2591-2600.
2014
Schaafsma A.
Harvey with a modern twist: How and why conducting arteries amplify the pressure wave originating from the heart.
Med Hypotheses, 2014; 82: 589–94.
2012
Schaafsma A.
Improved parameterization of the transcranial Doppler signal.
Ultrasound Med Biol, 2012; 38: 1451–9.
Brain Death
2015
Cramaro A, Saia V; Trapani S, Gallerini A; Peris A; Marinoni M.
Early evaluation of critic patients possibly evolving to brain death by transcranial doppler: The role of neurosonological education and training.
Cerebrovascular Diseases 2015, 39:25-25.
2014
Caplan GA, Lan Z, Newton L, Kvelde T, McVeigh C, Hill MA.
Latin American consensus on the use of transcranial Doppler in the diagnosis of brain death (Grupo de Consenso en Doppler Transcraneano en el Diagnóstico de Muerte Encefálica).
Rev Bras Ter Intensiva. 2014;26(3):240-252
2014
Supe S, Hajnsek S, Starcevic K, Bujan Kovac A.
Coregistration of transcranial doppler-sonography and EEG in the diagnostic procedures of detection of brain death.
Cerebrovascular Diseases 2015, 39:26-27
2011
Lovrencic-Huzjan A, Vukovic V, Gopcevic A, Vucic M, Kriksic V, Demarin V.
Transcranial Doppler in brain death confirmation in clinical practice.
Ultraschall Med 2011; 32: 62-66.
2011
Marinoni M, Alari F, Mastronardi V, Peris A, Innocenti P.
The relevance of early TCD monitoring in the intensive care units for the confirming of brain death diagnosis.
Neurol. Sci. 2011; 32: 73-77.
2011
Sharma D, Souter MJ, Moore AE, Lam AM.
Clinical experience with transcranial Doppler ultrasonography as a confirmatory test for brain death: A retrospective analysis.
Neurocrit Care 2011; 14: 370-376.
2011
Verlhac S.
Transcranial Doppler in children.
Pediatr Radiol 2011; 41 Suppl 1: S153-165.
2010
Brunser A, Hoppe A, Cárcamo DA, Lavados PM, Roldán A, Rivas R, et al.
Validation of transcranial Doppler in the diagnosis of brain death.
Rev Med Chil 2010; 138: 406-412.
2010
Soldatos T, Karakitsos D, Wachtel M, Boletis J, Chatzimichail K, Papathanasiou M, et al.
The value of transcranial Doppler sonography with a transorbital approach in the confirmation of cerebral circulatory arrest.
Transplant. Proc. 2010; 42: 1502-1506.
2009
Conti A, Lacopino DG, Spada A, Cardali SM, Giusa M, La Torre D, et al.
Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography in the assessment of cerebral circulation arrest: Improving sensitivity by transcervical and transorbital carotid insonation and serial examinations.
Neurocrit Care 2009; 10: 326-335.
2009
Greer DM, Strozyk D, Schwamm LH.
False positive CT angiography in brain death.
Neurocrit Care 2009; 11: 272-275.
2009
Segura T, Calleja S, Irimia P, Tembl JI.
Recommendations for the use of transcranial Doppler ultrasonography to determine the existence of cerebral circulatory arrest as diagnostic support for brain death.
Rev Neurosci 2009; 20: 251-259.
2006
de Freitas GR, André C.
Sensitivity of transcranial Doppler for confirming brain death: A prospective study of 270 cases.
Acta Neurol. Scand. 2006; 113: 426-432.
2006
Kuo J-R, Chen C-F, Chio C-C, Chang C-H, Wang C-C, Yang C-M, et al.
Time dependent validity in the diagnosis of brain death using transcranial Doppler sonography.
J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatr. 2006; 77: 646-649.
2006
Luo B-yan, Zhang L-ju, Jiang M-yan, Wang J-wen, Qiu Y-qing.
The application of transcranial Doppler in the evaluation of brain function in deeply comatose patients.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi 2006; 45: 116-118.
2006
Monteiro LM, Bollen CW, van Huffelen AC, Ackerstaff RGA, Jansen NJG, van Vught AJ.
Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography to confirm brain death: a meta-analysis.
Intensive Care Med 2006; 32: 1937-1944.
2006
Poularas J, Karakitsos D, Kouraklis G, Kostakis A, De Groot E, Kalogeromitros A, et al.
Comparison between transcranial color Doppler ultrasonography and angiography in the confirmation of brain death.
Transplant. Proc. 2006; 38: 1213-1217.
2004
Dominguez-Roldan JM, Jimenez-Gonzalez PI, Garcia-Alfaro C, Rivera-Fernandez V, Hernandez-Hazañas F.
Diagnosis of brain death by transcranial Doppler sonography: solutions for cases of difficult sonic windows.
Transplant. Proc. 2004; 36: 2896-2897.
2004
Dosemeci L, Dora B, Yilmaz M, Cengiz M, Balkan S, Ramazanoglu A.
Utility of transcranial doppler ultrasonography for confirmatory diagnosis of brain death: Two sides of the coin.
Transplantation 2004; 77: 71-75.
Cardiovascular
2020
Yu, X., Yang, J., & Wu, D.
The Value of c-TCD in the Diagnosis of Migraine and Cryptogenic Stroke Caused by PFO. Journal of Clinical and Nursing Research, 4(2).
2014
Marius, R. A., Iliuta, L., Guberna, S. M., & Sinescu, C.
The role of ankle-brachial index for predicting peripheral arterial disease. Maedica, 9(3), 295.
2007
Espinola-Klein, C., Rupprecht, H. J., Bickel, C., Lackner, K., Messow, C. M., Munzel, T., & Blankenberg, S.
Different Calculations Of Ankle Brachial Index And Cardiovascular Risk Prediction.
2007
Saver, J. L.
Cryptogenic stroke in patients with patent foramen ovale. Current atherosclerosis reports, 9(4), 319-325.
2005
Homma, S., & Sacco, R. L.
Patent foramen ovale and stroke. Circulation, 112(7), 1063-1072.
2003
Belch, J. J., Topol, E. J., Agnelli, G., Bertrand, M., Califf, R. M., Clement, D. L., ... & Hankey, G.
Critical issues in peripheral arterial disease detection and management: a call to action. Archives of internal medicine, 163(8), 884-892.
Neurology
2020
Yu, X., Yang, J., & Wu, D.
The Value of c-TCD in the Diagnosis of Migraine and Cryptogenic Stroke Caused by PFO. Journal of Clinical and Nursing Research, 4(2).
2019
Carneiro, A. M. C., Poiani, G. C., Zaninnoto, A. L., Lazo Osorio, R., Oliveira, M. D. L., Paiva, W. S., & Zângaro, R. A.
Transcranial Photobiomodulation Therapy in the Cognitive Rehabilitation of Patients with Cranioencephalic Trauma. Photobiomodulation, photomedicine, and laser surgery, 37(10), 657-666.
2019
Christiansen, M. E., O’Carroll, C. B., Kumar, G., Larsen, B. T., & Dumitrascu, O. M.
Transcranial Doppler evaluation in Takayasu arteritis with oculo-cerebrovascular complications. The Neurologist, 24(1), 17-21.
2018
Schaafsma A.
A new method for correcting middle cerebral artery flow velocity for age by calculating Z-scores.
J Neuroscience Methods, 2018; 307: 1-7.
2017
de Goede AA, Loef BG, Reidinga AC, Schaafsma A.
Fluid Resuscitation in Septic Patients Improves Systolic but not Diastolic Middle Cerebral Artery Flow Velocity.
Ultrasound Med Biol, 2017; 43: 2591-2600.
2014
Schaafsma A.
Harvey with a modern twist: How and why conducting arteries amplify the pressure wave originating from the heart.
Med Hypotheses, 2014; 82: 589–94.
2013
Fierstra, J., Sobczyk, O., Battisti‐Charbonney, A., Mandell, D. M., Poublanc, J., Crawley, A. P., ... & Fisher, J. A.
Measuring cerebrovascular reactivity: what stimulus to use?. The Journal of physiology, 591(23), 5809-5821.
2012
Schaafsma A.

Improved parameterization of the transcranial Doppler signal.
Ultrasound Med Biol, 2012; 38: 1451–9.
2010
Van H, Poommipanit P, Shalaby M, Gevorgyan R, Tseng CH, Tobis J.
Sensitivity of transcranial Doppler versus intracardiac echocardiography in the detection of right-to-left shunt.
JACC Cardiovasc Imaging 2010; 3(4): 343-348.
2009
Caputi L, Carriero MR, Falcone C, Parati E, Piotti P, Materazzo C, et al.
Transcranial Doppler and transesophageal echocardiography: Comparison of both techniques and prospective clinical relevance of transcranial Doppler in patent foramen ovale detection.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2009; 18: 343-348.
2009
Jesurum JT, Fuller CJ, Renz J, Krabill KA, Spencer MP, Reisman M.
Diagnosis of secondary source of right-to-left shunt with balloon occlusion of patent foramen ovale and power M-mode transcranial Doppler.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv 2009; 2: 561-567.
2007
Espinola-Klein, C., Rupprecht, H. J., Bickel, C., Lackner, K., Messow, C. M., Munzel, T., & Blankenberg, S.
Different Calculations Of Ankle Brachial Index And Cardiovascular Risk Prediction.
2007
Saver, J. L.
Cryptogenic stroke in patients with patent foramen ovale. Current atherosclerosis reports, 9(4), 319-325.
2005
Homma, S., & Sacco, R. L.
Patent foramen ovale and stroke. Circulation, 112(7), 1063-1072.
2005
Lowe, L. H., Morello, F. P., Jackson, M. A., & Lasky, A.
Application of transcranial Doppler sonography in children with acute neurologic events due to primary cerebral and West Nile vasculitis. American journal of neuroradiology, 26(7), 1698-1701.
2003
Belch, J. J., Topol, E. J., Agnelli, G., Bertrand, M., Califf, R. M., Clement, D. L., ... & Hankey, G.
Critical issues in peripheral arterial disease detection and management: a call to action. Archives of internal medicine, 163(8), 884-892.
2003
Zimmermann, C., & Haberl, R. L.
L-arginine improves diminished cerebral CO2 reactivity in patients. Stroke, 34(3), 643-647.
2001
Razumovsky, A. Y., Wityk, R. J., Geocadin, R. G., Bhardwaj, A., & Ulatowski, J. A.
Cerebral Vasculitis: Diagnosis and Follow‐Up With Transcranial Doppler Ultrasonography. Journal of Neuroimaging, 11(3), 333-335.
2000
Jauss, M., & Zanette, E.
Detection of right-to-left shunt with ultrasound contrast agent and transcranial Doppler sonography. Cerebrovascular diseases, 10(6), 490-496.
1999
Brilla, R., Nabavi, D. G., Schulte-Altedorneburg, G., Kemény, V., Reichelt, D., Evers, S., ... & Husstedt, I. W.
Cerebral vasculopathy in HIV infection revealed by transcranial Doppler: a pilot study. Stroke, 30(4), 811-813.
1999
Droste, D. W., Kriete, J. U., Stypmann, J., Castrucci, M., Wichter, T., Tietje, R., ... & Ringelstein, E. B.
Contrast transcranial Doppler ultrasound in the detection of right-to-left shunts: comparison of different procedures and different contrast agents. Stroke, 30(9), 1827-1832.
1999
Schwarze, J. J., Sander, D., Kukla, C., Wittich, I., Babikian, V. L., & Klingelhofer, J.
Methodological parameters influence the detection of right-to-left shunts by contrast transcranial Doppler ultrasonography. Stroke, 30(6), 1234-1239.
1999
Valdueza, J. M., Draganski, B., Hoffmann, O., Dirnagl, U., & Einhäupl, K. M.
Analysis of CO2 vasomotor reactivity and vessel diameter changes by simultaneous venous and arterial Doppler recordings. Stroke, 30(1), 81-86.
1998
Ringelstein, E. B., Droste, D. W., Babikian, V. L., Evans, D. H., Grosset, D. G., Kaps, M., ... & Siebler, M.
Consensus on microembolus detection by TCD. Stroke, 29, 725-729.
1997
Kaps M, Hansen J, Weiher M, Tiffert K, Kayser I, Droste DW.
Clinically silent microemboli in patients with artificial prosthetic aortic valves are predominantly gaseous and not solid.
Stroke. 1997;28:322–325.
1996
Zanette, E. M., Mancini, G., De Castro, S., Solaro, M., Cartoni, D., & Chiarotti, F.
Patent foramen ovale and transcranial Doppler: comparison of different procedures. Stroke, 27(12), 2251-2255.
1995
Consensus Committee of the Ninth International Cerebral Hemodynamic Symposium.
Basic identification criteria of Doppler microembolic signals. Stroke, 26(6), 1123.
1992
Ringelstein, E. B., Van Eyck, S., & Mertens, I.
Evaluation of cerebral vasomotor reactivity by various vasodilating stimuli: comparison of CO2 to acetazolamide. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism, 12(1), 162-168.
1988
Ringelstein, E. B., Sievers, C., Ecker, S., Schneider, P. A., & Otis, S. M.
Noninvasive assessment of CO2-induced cerebral vasomotor response in normal individuals and patients with internal carotid artery occlusions. Stroke, 19(8), 963-969.
1986
Widder B, Paulat K, Hackspacher J, Mayr E.
Transcranial Doppler CO2 test for the detection of hemodynamically critical carotid artery stenoses and occlusions.
Eur Arch Psychiatry Neurol Sci.1986; 236:162-168.
Neurovascular Coupling
2016
Viski S, Orgován D, Szabó K, Rosengarten B, Csiba L, Oláh L.

Effect of reading on blood flow changes in the posterior cerebral artery in early blind and sighted people - A transcranial Doppler study.
J Neurol Sci. 2016;363:132-9.
2010
Rosengarten B, Kaps M.
A simultaneous EEG and transcranial Doppler technique to investigate the neurovascular coupling in the human visual cortex.
Cerebrovasc Dis 2010, 29:211–6.
2003
Rosengarten B, Spiller A, Aldinger C, Kaps M.
Control system analysis of visually evoked blood flow regulation in humans under normocapnia and hypercapnia.
Eur J Ultrasound 2003, 16: 169–175.
TCD and Parkinson Disease
2016
Viski S, Orgován D, Szabó K, Rosengarten B, Csiba L, Oláh L.
Effect of reading on blood flow changes in the posterior cerebral artery in early blind and sighted people - A transcranial Doppler study.
J Neurol Sci. 2016;363:132-9.
2011
Zamani B, Mehrabani M, Fereshtehnejad S-M, Rohani M.
Evaluation of cerebral vasomotor reactivity in Parkinson’s disease: is there any association with orthostatic hypotension?
Clin Neurol Neurosurg 2011; 113: 368-372.
2009
Tsai S-J, Chen S-C, Leu T-M, Chen C-M, Chou H-H, Peng H-Y, et al.
Impairment of cerebral hemodynamic response to the cold pressor test in patients with Parkinson’s disease.
Parkinsonism Relat. Disord. 2009; 15: 94-100.
2007
Vokatch N, Grötzsch H, Mermillod B, Burkhard PR, Sztajzel R.
Is cerebral autoregulation impaired in Parkinson’s disease? A transcranial Doppler study.
J. Neurol. Sci. 2007; 254: 49-53.
2006
Gurevich T, Gur AY, Bornstein NM, Giladi N, Korczyn AD.
Cerebral vasomotor reactivity in Parkinson’s disease, multiple system atrophy and pure autonomic failure.
J. Neurol. Sci. 2006; 243: 57-60.
TCD and Cardiac Arrest
2015
Lin JJ, Hsia SH, Wang HS, Chiang MC, Lin KL.
Transcranial doppler ultrasound in therapeutic hypothermia for children after resuscitation.
Resuscitation (2015) 89:182–7.
2011
Alvarez-Fernandez JA.
Transcranial Doppler ultrasound use in post-cardiac arrest coma.
Rev Neurol 2011; 53: 545-554.
2010
Álvarez-Fernández JA, Martín-Velasco MM, Igeño-Cano JC, Pérez-Quintero R.
Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography usefulness in cardiac arrest resuscitation.
Med Intensiva 2010; 34: 550-558.
2010
Bisschops LLA, Hoedemaekers CWE, Simons KS, van der Hoeven JG.
Preserved metabolic coupling and cerebrovascular reactivity during mild hypothermia after cardiac arrest.
Crit. Care Med. 2010; 38: 1542-1547.
2010
Blumenstein J, Kempfert J, Walther T, Van Linden A, Fassl J, Borger M, et al.
Cerebral flow pattern monitoring by transcranial Doppler during cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
Anaesth Intensive Care 2010; 38: 376-380.
2006
Wessels T, Harrer JU, Jacke C, Janssens U, Klötzsch C.
The prognostic value of early transcranial Doppler ultrasound following cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
Ultrasound Med Biol 2006; 32: 1845-1851.
Sickle Cell Anemia (SCA)
2014
Helton KJ, Adams RJ, Kesler KL, et al.
Magnetic resonance imaging/angiography and transcranial Doppler velocities in sickle cell anemia: Results from the SWiTCH trial.
Blood. 2014; 124:891–8.
2011
Arkuszewski M, Krejza J, Chen R, Kwiatkowski J L, Ichord R, Zimmerman R, et al.
Sickle cell disease: reference values and interhemispheric differences of nonimaging transcranial Doppler blood flow parameters.
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2011; 32: 1444-1450.
2011
Bernaudin F, Verlhac S, Arnaud C, Kamdem A, Chevret S, Hau I, et al.
Impact of early transcranial Doppler screening and intensive therapy on cerebral vasculopathy outcome in a newborn sickle cell anemia cohort.
Blood 2011; 117: 1130-1140; quiz 1436.
2011
Kwiatkowski JL, Yim E, Miller S, Adams RJ.
Effect of transfusion therapy on transcranial Doppler ultrasonography velocities in children with sickle cell disease.
Pediatr Blood Cancer 2011; 56: 777-782.
2010
Enninful-Eghan H, Moore RH, Ichord R, Smith-Whitley K, Kwiatkowski JL.
Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography and prophylactic transfusion program is effective in preventing overt stroke in children with sickle cell disease.
J. Pediatr. 2010; 157: 479-484.
2010
Pavlakis SG, Rees RC, Huang X, Brown RC, Casella JF, Iyer RV, et al.
Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography (TCD) in infants with sickle cell anemia: baseline data from the BABY HUG trial.
Pediatr Blood Cancer 2010; 54: 256-259.
2009
Colombatti R, Meneghetti G, Ermani M, Pierobon M, Sainati L.
Primary stroke prevention for sickle cell disease in north-east Italy: The role of ethnic issues in establishing a Transcranial Doppler screening program.
Ital J Pediatr 2009; 35: 15.
2009
Suliman H, Wali Y, Al Saadoon M, Zechariah M, William RR, Gujjar A, et al.
Hydroxyurea or chronic exchange transfusions in patients with sickle cell disease: Role of transcranial Doppler ultrasound in stroke prophylaxis.
J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol. 2009; 31: 42-44.
2008
Hankins JS, Fortner GL, McCarville MB, Smeltzer MP, Wang WC, Li C-S, et al.
The natural history of conditional transcranial Doppler flow velocities in children with sickle cell anaemia.
Br. J. Haematol. 2008; 142: 94-99.
2008
McCarville MB, Goodin GS, Fortner G, Li C-S, Smeltzer MP, Adams R, et al.
Evaluation of a comprehensive transcranial Doppler screening program for children with sickle cell anemia.
Pediatr Blood Cancer 2008; 50: 818-821.
2008
Raphael JL, Shetty PB, Liu H, Mahoney DH, Mueller BU.
A critical assessment of transcranial Doppler screening rates in a large pediatric sickle cell center: opportunities to improve healthcare quality.
Pediatr Blood Cancer 2008; 51: 647-651.
2008
Rees DC, Dick MC, Height SE, O’Driscoll S, Pohl KRE, Goss DE, et al.
A simple index using age, hemoglobin, and aspartate transaminase predicts increased intracerebral blood velocity as measured by transcranial Doppler scanning in children with sickle cell anemia.
Pediatrics 2008; 121: e1628-1632.
2007
Adams RJ.
Big strokes in small persons.
Arch. Neurol. 2007; 64: 1567-1574.
2007
Krejza J, Rudzinski W, Pawlak MA, Tomaszewski M, Ichord R, Kwiatkowski J, et al.
Angle-corrected imaging transcranial Doppler sonography versus imaging and nonimaging transcranial Doppler sonography in children with sickle cell disease.
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2007; 28: 1613-1618.
2007
Mazumdar M, Heeney MM, Sox CM, Lieu TA.
Preventing stroke among children with sickle cell anemia: An analysis of strategies that involve transcranial Doppler testing and chronic transfusion.
Pediatrics 2007; 120: e1107-1116.
2006
Mehta SH, Adams RJ.


Treatment and prevention of stroke in children with sickle cell disease.
Curr Treat Options Neurol 2006;8:503–512.
2006
Valadi N, Silva GS, Bowman LS, Ramsingh D, Vicari P, Filho AC, et al.
Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography in adults with sickle cell disease.
Neurology 2006; 67: 572-574.
2005
Adams RJ.

TCD in sickle cell disease: An important and useful test.
Pediatr Radiol 2005; 35: 229-234.
Sonothrombolysis
2014
Barlinn K, Tsivgoulis G, Barreto AD, et al.
Outcomes following sonothrombolysis in severe acute ischemic stroke: Subgroup analysis of the CLOTBUST trial.
Int J Stroke 2014; 9: 1006–10
2012
Laing ST, Moody MR, Kim H, Smulevitz B, Huang S-L, Holland CK, et al.
Thrombolytic efficacy of tissue plasminogen activator-loaded echogenic liposomes in a rabbit thrombus model.
Thromb Res. 2012;130(4):629-635.
2011
Amaral-Silva A, Piñeiro S, Molina Carlos A.
Sonothrombolysis for the treatment of acute stroke: current concepts and future directions.
Expert Rev Neurother 2011; 11: 265-273.
2011
Brown AT, Flores R, Hamilton E, Roberson PK, Borrelli MJ, Culp WC.
Microbubbles improve sonothrombolysis in vitro and decrease hemorrhage in vivo in a rabbit stroke model.
Invest Radiol 2011; 46: 202-207.
2011
Flores R, Hennings LJ, Lowery JD, Brown AT, Culp WC.
Microbubble-augmented ultrasound sonothrombolysis decreases intracranial hemorrhage in a rabbit model of acute ischemic stroke.
Invest Radiol 2011; 46: 419-424.
2011
Frendl A, Csiba L.
Pharmacological and non-pharmacological recanalization strategies in acute ischemic stroke.
Front Neurol 2011; 2: 32.
2011
Molina CA.
Reperfusion therapies for acute ischemic stroke: Current pharmacological and mechanical approaches.
Stroke 2011; 42: S16-19.
2011
Ren ST, Zhang H, Wang YW, Jing BB, Li YX, Liao YR, et al.
The preparation of a new self-made microbubble-loading urokinase and its thrombolysis combined with low-frequency ultrasound in vitro.
Ultrasound Med Biol 2011; 37: 1828-1837.
2011
Zhou XB, Qin H, Li J, Wang B, Wang CB, Liu YM, et al.
Platelet-targeted microbubbles inhibit re-occlusion after thrombolysis with transcutaneous ultrasound and microbubbles.
Ultrasonics 2011; 51: 270-274.
2010
Alexandrov AV.
Current and future recanalization strategies for acute ischemic stroke.
J. Intern. Med. 2010; 267: 209-219.
2010
Balucani C, Alexandrov AV.
Ultrasound- and microspheres-enhanced thrombolysis for stroke treatment: state of the art.
Curr Cardiol Rep 2010; 12: 34-41.
2010
Chuang YH, Cheng PW, Chen SC, Ruan JL, Li PC.
Effects of ultrasound-induced inertial cavitation on enzymatic thrombolysis.
Ultrason Imaging 2010; 32: 81-90.
2010
Hitchcock KE, Holland CK.
Ultrasound-assisted thrombolysis for stroke therapy: Better thrombus break-up with bubbles.
Stroke 2010; 41: S50-53.
2010
Hua X, Liu P, Gao Y-H, Tan K-B, Zhou L-N, Liu Z, et al.
Construction of thrombus-targeted microbubbles carrying tissue plasminogen activator and their in vitro thrombolysis efficacy: A primary research.
J. Thromb. Thrombolysis 2010; 30: 29-35.
2010
Ribo M, Molina C A, Alvarez B, Rubiera M, Alvarez-Sabin J, Matas M.
Intra-arterial administration of microbubbles and continuous 2-MHz ultrasound insonation to enhance intra-arterial thrombolysis.
J Neuroimaging 2010; 20: 224-227.
2010
Rubiera M, Alexandrov AV.
Sonothrombolysis in the management of acute ischemic stroke.
Am J Cardiovasc Drugs 2010; 10: 5-10.
2010
Tsivgoulis G, Eggers J, Ribo M, Perren F, Saqqur M, Rubiera M, et al.
Safety and efficacy of ultrasound-enhanced thrombolysis: A comprehensive review and meta-analysis of randomized and nonrandomized studies.
Stroke 2010; 41: 280-287.
2009
Alexandrov AV.
Ultrasound enhancement of fibrinolysis.
Stroke 2009; 40: S107-110.
2009
Baron C, Aubry J-F, Tanter M, Meairs S, Fink M.
Simulation of intracranial acoustic fields in clinical trials of sonothrombolysis.
Ultrasound Med Biol 2009; 35: 1148-1158.
2009
Barreto AD, Sharma VK, Lao AY, Schellinger PD, Amarenco P, Sierzenski P, et al.
Safety and dose-escalation study design of Transcranial Ultrasound in Clinical SONolysis for acute ischemic stroke: The TUCSON Trial.
Int J Stroke 2009; 4: 42-48.
2009
Dinia L, Rubiera M, Ribo M, Maisterra O, Ortega G, del Sette M, et al.
Reperfusion after stroke sonothrombolysis with microbubbles may predict intracranial bleeding.
Neurology 2009; 73: 775-780.
2009
Meairs S, Culp W.
Microbubbles for thrombolysis of acute ischemic stroke.
Cerebrovasc. Dis. 2009; 27 Suppl 2: 55-65.
2009
Molina CA, Barreto AD, Tsivgoulis G, Sierzenski P, Malkoff MD, Rubiera M, et al.
Transcranial ultrasound in clinical sonothrombolysis (TUCSON) trial.
Ann. Neurol. 2009; 66: 28-38.
2009
Saqqur M, Tsivgoulis G, Molina CA, Demchuk AM, Shuaib A, Alexandrov AV.
Residual flow at the site of intracranial occlusion on transcranial Doppler predicts response to intravenous thrombolysis: A multi-center study.
Cerebrovasc. Dis. 2009; 27: 5-12.
2009
Shaw GJ, Meunier JM, Huang SL, Lindsell CJ, McPherson DD, Holland CK.
Ultrasound-enhanced thrombolysis with tPA-loaded echogenic liposomes.
Thromb. Res. 2009; 124: 306-310.
2008
Ammi AY, Mast TD, Huang I-H, Abruzzo TA, Coussios C-C, Shaw GJ, et al.
Characterization of ultrasound propagation through ex-vivo human temporal bone.
Ultrasound Med Biol 2008; 34: 1578-1589.
2008
Rubiera M, Ribo M, Delgado-Mederos R, Santamarina E, Maisterra O, Delgado P, et al.
Do bubble characteristics affect recanalization in stroke patients treated with microbubble-enhanced sonothrombolysis?
Ultrasound Med Biol 2008; 34: 1573-1577.
2007
Nahirnyak V, Mast TD, Holland CK.
Ultrasound-induced thermal elevation in clotted blood and cranial bone.
Ultrasound Med Biol 2007; 33: 1285-1295.
2007
Saqqur M, Uchino K, Demchuk AM, Molina Carlos A, Garami Z, Calleja S, et al.
Site of arterial occlusion identified by transcranial Doppler predicts the response to intravenous thrombolysis for stroke.
Stroke 2007; 38: 948-954.
2006
Molina C A, Ribo M , Rubiera M , Montaner J, Santamarina E , Delgado-Mederos R, et al.
Microbubble administration accelerates clot lysis during continuous 2-MHz ultrasound monitoring in stroke patients treated with intravenous tissue plasminogen activator.
Stroke 2006; 37: 425-429.
2004
Alexandrov AV, Molina CA, Grotta JC, Garami Z, Ford SR, Alvarez-Sabin J, et al.
Ultrasound-enhanced systemic thrombolysis for acute ischemic stroke.
N. Engl. J. Med. 2004; 351: 2170-2178.
2004
Alexandrov AV, Wojner AW, Grotta JC.
CLOTBUST: Design of a randomized trial of ultrasound-enhanced thrombolysis for acute ischemic stroke.
J Neuroimaging 2004; 14: 108-112.
1998
Ringelstein, E. B., Droste, D. W., Babikian, V. L., Evans, D. H., Grosset, D. G., Kaps, M., ... & Siebler, M.
Consensus on microembolus detection by TCD. Stroke, 29, 725-729.
1997
Kaps M, Hansen J, Weiher M, Tiffert K, Kayser I, Droste DW.
Introduction of an embolus detection system based on analysis of the transcranial Doppler audio-signal.
Stroke 1997; 28, 2: 322-325.
1995
Consensus Committee of the Ninth International Cerebral Hemodynamic Symposium.
Basic identification criteria of Doppler microembolic signals. Stroke, 26(6), 1123.
Stenosis
2005
Lowe, L. H., Morello, F. P., Jackson, M. A., & Lasky, A.
Application of transcranial Doppler sonography in children with acute neurologic events due to primary cerebral and West Nile vasculitis. American journal of neuroradiology, 26(7), 1698-1701.
2001
Razumovsky, A. Y.,
Wityk, R. J., Geocadin, R. G., Bhardwaj, A., & Ulatowski, J. A.
Cerebral Vasculitis: Diagnosis and Follow‐Up With Transcranial Doppler Ultrasonography. Journal of Neuroimaging, 11(3), 333-335.
1999
Brilla, R., Nabavi, D. G., Schulte-Altedorneburg, G., Kemény, V., Reichelt, D., Evers, S., ... & Husstedt, I. W.
Cerebral vasculopathy in HIV infection revealed by transcranial Doppler: a pilot study. Stroke, 30(4), 811-813.
1988
Ringelstein, E. B., Sievers, C., Ecker, S., Schneider, P. A., & Otis, S. M.
Noninvasive assessment of CO2-induced cerebral vasomotor response in normal individuals and patients with internal carotid artery occlusions. Stroke, 19(8), 963-969.
1986
Widder B, Paulat K, Hackspacher J, Mayr E.
Transcranial Doppler CO2 test for the detection of hemodynamically critical carotid artery stenoses and occlusions.
Eur Arch Psychiatry Neurol Sci.1986; 236:162-168.
TCD and Stroke
2020
Caldas, J. R., Passos, R.
D. H., Robinson, T. G., Panerai, R. B., & Minhas, J. S.
Intensive care management of arterial carbon dioxide in acute intracerebral haemorrhage: Case report of influences on cerebral haemodynamics. Ultrasound, 1742271X20903753.
2020
Yu, X., Yang, J., & Wu, D.
The Value of c-TCD in the Diagnosis of Migraine and Cryptogenic Stroke Caused by PFO. Journal of Clinical and Nursing Research, 4(2).
2015
Fu J, Tang J, Yang J, Chen X, Chen Y, Leung TW, Mok V, Soo Y, Wong KL.
Adding computed tomography and transcranial Doppler findings to the ABCD2 score to predict long-term risk of stroke after transient ischaemic attack or minor stroke.
Eur J Neurol 2015; 22: 520-6.
2014
Han SW, Song TJ, Bushnell CD, Lee SS, Kim SH, Lee JH, et al.
Cilostazol decreases cerebral arterial pulsatility in patients with mild white matter hyperintensities: Subgroup analysis from the effect of cilostazol in acute lacunar infarction based on pulsatility index of transcranial doppler (ECLIPse) study.
Cerebrovasc Dis 2014;38:197-203.
2014
Marius, R. A., Iliuta, L., Guberna, S. M., & Sinescu, C.
The role of ankle-brachial index for predicting peripheral arterial disease. Maedica, 9(3), 295.
2011
Boddu DB, Sharma VK, Bandaru VCSS, Jyotsna Y, Padmaja D, Suvarna A, et al.
Validation of transcranial Doppler with magnetic resonance angiography in acute cerebral ischemia.
J Neuroimaging 2011; 21: e34-40.
2011
Sharma VK, Paliwal PR, Teoh HL, Venketasubramanian N, Chan BPL.
Role of diagnostic ultrasound in patient selection for stroke intervention.
Recent Pat CNS Drug Discov 2011; 6: 181-195.
2011
Vijayan J, Tai M-LS, Ahmad A, Sharma VK.
An unhappy patient following successful sonothrombolysis in vertebrobasilar thrombosis: Dilemma with final diagnosis.
J Neuroimaging 2011; 21: e173-176.
2011
Zhao L, Barlinn K, Sharma VK, Tsivgoulis G, Cava LF, Vasdekis SN, et al.
Velocity Criteria for Intracranial Stenosis Revisited: An International Multicenter Study of Transcranial Doppler and Digital Subtraction Angiography.
Stroke, vol. 42, no. 12, pp. 3429–3434, 2011
2010
Alexandrov AV, Tsivgoulis G, Rubiera M, Vadikolias K, Stamboulis E, Molina CA, et al.
End-diastolic velocity increase predicts recanalization and neurological improvement in patients with ischemic stroke with proximal arterial occlusions receiving reperfusion therapies.
Stroke 2010; 41: 948-952.
2010
Ghorbani A, Ashtari F, Fatehi F.
The assessment value of transcranial Doppler sonography versus magnetic resonance angiography in vertebrobasilar stroke.
J Res Med Sci 2010; 15: 133-139.
2010
Meseguer E, Lavallée PC, Mazighi M, Labreuche J, Cabrejo L, Olivot JM, et al.
Yield of systematic transcranial Doppler in patients with transient ischemic attack.
Ann. Neurol. 2010; 68: 9-17.
2010
Nicoletti G, Albano G, Sanguigni S, Tardi S, Malferrari G, Del Sette M, et al.
Transient basilar artery occlusion monitored by transcranial color Doppler presenting with a spectacular shrinking deficit: a case report.
J Med Case Reports 2010; 4: 13.
2010
Van H, Poommipanit P, Shalaby M, Gevorgyan R, Tseng CH, Tobis J.
Sensitivity of transcranial Doppler versus intracardiac echocardiography in the detection of right-to-left shunt.
JACC Cardiovasc Imaging 2010; 3(4): 343-348.
2010
Yeo LLL, Sharma VK.
Role of transcranial Doppler ultrasonography in cerebrovascular disease.
Recent Pat CNS Drug Discov 2010; 5: 1-13.
2010
You Y, Hao Q, Leung T, Mok V, Chen X, Lau A, et al.
Detection of the siphon internal carotid artery stenosis: transcranial Doppler versus digital subtraction angiography.
J Neuroimaging 2010; 20: 234-239.
2009
Feldmann E.
Diagnosis and quantitation of intracranial stenosis.
J Neuroimaging 2009; 19 Suppl 1: 22S-4S.
2009
Saqqur M, Tsivgoulis G, Molina CA, Demchuk AM, Shuaib A, Alexandrov AV.
Residual flow at the site of intracranial occlusion on transcranial Doppler predicts response to intravenous thrombolysis: A multi-center study.
Cerebrovasc. Dis. 2009; 27: 5-12.
2008
Rathakrishnan R, Berne YI, Quek KK, Hong CS, Ong BK, Chan BP, et al.
Validation of transcranial Doppler with CT angiography in cerebral ischaemia: A preliminary pilot study in Singapore.
Ann. Acad. Med. Singap. 2008; 37: 402-405.
2008
Tsivgoulis G, Sharma VK, Hoover SL, Lao AY, Ardelt AA, Malkoff MD, et al.
Applications and advantages of power motion-mode Doppler in acute posterior circulation cerebral ischemia.
Stroke 2008; 39: 1197-1204.
2008
van Dellen D, Tiivas CAS, Jarvi K, Marshall C, Higman DJ, Imray CHE.
Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography-directed intravenous glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor antagonist therapy to control transient cerebral microemboli before and after carotid endarterectomy.
Br J Surg 2008; 95: 709-713.
2007
Bos MJ, Koudstaal PJ, Hofman A, Witteman JCM, Breteler MMB.
Transcranial Doppler hemodynamic parameters and risk of stroke: the Rotterdam study.
Stroke 2007; 38: 2453-2458.
2007
Espinola-Klein, C., Rupprecht, H. J., Bickel, C., Lackner, K., Messow, C. M., Munzel, T., & Blankenberg, S.
Different Calculations Of Ankle Brachial Index And Cardiovascular Risk Prediction.
2007
Feldmann E, Wilterdink JL, Kosinski A, Lynn M, Chimowitz MI, Sarafin J, et al.
The Stroke Outcomes and Neuroimaging of Intracranial Atherosclerosis (SONIA) trial.
Neurology 2007; 68: 2099-2106.
2007
Navarro JC, Lao AY, Sharma VK, Tsivgoulis G, Alexandrov AV.
The accuracy of transcranial Doppler in the diagnosis of middle cerebral artery stenosis.
Cerebrovasc. Dis. 2007; 23: 325-330.
2007
Sarkar S, Ghosh S, Ghosh SK, Collier A.
Role of transcranial Doppler ultrasonography in stroke.
Postgrad Med J 2007; 83: 683-689.
2007
Sharma VK, Tsivgoulis G, Lao AY, Malkoff MD, Alexandrov AV.
Noninvasive detection of diffuse intracranial disease.
Stroke 2007; 38: 3175-3181.
2007
Tsivgoulis G, Sharma VK, Lao AY, Malkoff MD, Alexandrov AV.
Validation of transcranial Doppler with computed tomography angiography in acute cerebral ischemia.
Stroke 2007; 38: 1245-1249.
2005
Saqqur M, Demchuk AM, Hill MD, Dean N, Schebel M, Kennedy J, et al.
Bedside emergency transcranial Doppler diagnosis of severe carotid disease using orbital window examination.
J Neuroimaging 2005; 15: 138-143.
2003
Belch, J. J., Topol, E. J., Agnelli, G., Bertrand, M., Califf, R. M., Clement, D. L., ... & Hankey, G.
Critical issues in peripheral arterial disease detection and management: a call to action. Archives of internal medicine, 163(8), 884-892.
1998
Ringelstein, E. B., Droste, D. W., Babikian, V. L., Evans, D. H., Grosset, D. G., Kaps, M., ... & Siebler, M.
Consensus on microembolus detection by TCD. Stroke, 29, 725-729.
1995
Consensus Committee of the Ninth International Cerebral Hemodynamic Symposium.
Basic identification criteria of Doppler microembolic signals. Stroke, 26(6), 1123.
Phillips S, Stanley L, Nicoletto H, Burkman M, Laskowitz DT, Cairns CB.
Use of Emergency department transcranial Doppler assessment of reperfusion after intravenous tPA for ischemic stroke.
The Journal of emergency medicine 42, 40-3.
Vascular and Heart Surgery
2015
Kochhäuser S, Lohmann HH, Ritter MA, et al.
Neuropsychological impact of cerebral microemboli in ablation of atrial fibrillation.
Clin Res Cardiol. 2015;104(3):234–240.
2014
Buratti L, Balucani C, Viticchi G, et al.
Cognitive deterioration in bilateral asymptomatic severe carotid stenosis.
Stroke, vol. 45, no. 7, pp. 2072–2077, 2014.
2014
Mergeche JL, Bruce SS, Connolly ES, Heyer EJ.
Reduced Middle Cerebral Artery Velocity during Cross-Clamp Predicts Cognitive Dysfunction after Carotid Endarterectomy.
J of Clinical Neuroscience. 2014; 21,3:406-411.
2014
Nagy-Balo E, Kiss A, Condie C, Stewart M, Edes I, Csanadi Z.
Predictors of cerebral microembolization during phased radiofrequency ablation of atrial fibrillation: Analysis of biophysical parameters from the ablation generator.
Heart Rhythm 2014; 11: 977-983.
2014
Rodés-Cabau J, Kahlert P, Neumann FJ, et al.
Feasibility and exploratory efficacy evaluation of the Embrella Embolic Deflector system for the prevention of cerebral emboli in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement: The PROTAVI-C pilot study.
J Am Coll Cardiol Intv 2014;7:1146–55.
2014
Scott DA, Evered LA, Gerraty RP, et al.
Cognitive dysfunction follows left heart catheterisation but is not related to microembolic count.
International journal of cardiology. 2014; 175:67–71
2014
Silbert BS, Evered LA, Scott DA, Rahardja S, Gerraty RP, Choong PF.
Review of transcranial Doppler ultrasound to detect microemboli during orthopedic surgery.
Am J Neuroradiol 2014; 175:67–71
2011
Bismuth J, Garami Z, Anaya-Ayala JE, Naoum JJ, El Sayed HF, Peden EK, et al.
Transcranial Doppler findings during thoracic endovascular aortic repair.
J. Vasc. Surg. 2011; 54: 364-369.
2011
Drews T, Pasic M, Buz S, Unbehaun A, Dreysse S, Kukucka M, et al.
Transcranial Doppler sound detection of cerebral microembolism during transapical aortic valve implantation.
Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2011; 59: 237-242.
2011
Eyjolfsson A, Al-Rashidi F, Dencker M, Scicluna S, Brondén B, Koul B, et al.
Comparison between transcranial Doppler and Coulter counter for detection of lipid micro embolization from mediastinal shed blood reinfusion during cardiac surgery.
Perfusion 2011; 26: 519-523.
2011
Jeong HS, Song H-J, Lee J-H, Choi SW, Kim J.
Interpretation of TCD spectral patterns detected during carotid artery stent interventions.
J. Endovasc. Ther. 2011; 18: 518-526.
2011
Kosir G, Tetickovic E.
Intraoperative transcranial Doppler ultrasonography monitoring of cerebral blood flow during coronary artery bypass grafting.
Acta Clinica Croatica 2011, 50: 5-11.
2011
Pennekamp CWA, Moll FL, de Borst GJ.
The potential benefits and the role of cerebral monitoring in carotid endarterectomy.
Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology, vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 693–697, 2011
2011
Toyama S, Sakai H, Ito S, Suzuki Y, Kondo Y.
Cerebral hypoperfusion during pediatric cardiac surgery detected by combined bispectral index monitoring and transcranial Doppler ultrasonography.
J Clin Anesth. 2011; 23(6): 498-501.
2011
Zanatta P, Benvenuti SM, Bosco E, Baldanzi F, Palomba D, Valfrè C.
Multimodal Brain Monitoring Reduces Major Neurologic Complications in Cardiac Surgery
J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2011;25:1076–85
2010
Rodriguez RA, Rubens FD, Wozny D, Nathan HJ.
Cerebral emboli detected by transcranial Doppler during cardiopulmonary bypass are not correlated with postoperative cognitive deficits.
Stroke 2010; 41: 2229-2235.
2010
Zanatta P, Forti A, Bosco E, Salvador L, Borsato M, Baldanzi F, et al.
Microembolic signals and strategy to prevent gas embolism during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.
J Cardiothorac Surg 2010; 5: 5.
2009
Sharpe RY, Walker J, Bown MJ, Naylor MB, Evans DH, Naylor AR.
Identifying the high-risk patient with clinically relevant embolisation after carotid endarterectomy.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 2009; 37: 1-7.
2008
Morita S, Yasaka M, Yasumori K, Oishi Y, Takaseya T, Sonoda H, et al.
Transcranial Doppler study to assess intracranial arterial communication before aortic arch operation.
Ann. Thorac. Surg. 2008; 86: 448-451.
2008
van Dellen D, Tiivas CAS, Jarvi K, Marshall C, Higman DJ, Imray CHE.
Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography-directed intravenous glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor antagonist therapy to control transient cerebral microemboli before and after carotid endarterectomy.
Br J Surg 2008; 95: 709-713.
2007
Abbott AL, Levi CR, Stork JL, Donnan GA, Chambers BR.
Timing of clinically significant microembolism after carotid endarterectomy.
Cerebrovasc. Dis. 2007; 23: 362-367.
2007
Farhoudi M, Parvizi R, Bilehjani E, Tarzamni MK, Mehrvar K, Safaiyan A.
Preoperative transcranial and carotid Doppler study in coronary artery bypass graft patients.
Neurosciences (Riyadh) 2007; 12: 42-45.
2006
Azarpazhooh M, Chambers B.
Clinical application of transcranial Doppler monitoring for embolic signals.
Journal of Clinical Neuroscience 2006; 13: 799-810.
2006
Chen C-I, Iguchi Y, Garami Z, Malkoff MD, Smalling RW, Campbell MS, et al.
Analysis of emboli during carotid stenting with distal protection device.
Cerebrovasc. Dis. 2006; 21: 223-228.
2006
Polito A, Ricci Z, Di Chiara L, Giorni C, Iacoella C, Sanders SP, et al.
Cerebral blood flow during cardiopulmonary bypass in pediatric cardiac surgery: the role of transcranial Doppler--A systematic review of the literature.
Cardiovasc Ultrasound 2006; 4: 47.
2003
Andropoulos DB, Stayer SA, McKenzie ED, Fraser CD Jr.
Novel cerebral physiologic monitoring to guide low-flow cerebral perfusion during neonatal aortic arch reconstruction.
J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg. 2003; 125: 491-499.
1998
Ringelstein, E. B., Droste, D. W., Babikian, V. L., Evans, D. H., Grosset, D. G., Kaps, M., ... & Siebler, M.
Consensus on microembolus detection by TCD. Stroke, 29, 725-729.
1995
Consensus Committee of the Ninth International Cerebral Hemodynamic Symposium.
Basic identification criteria of Doppler microembolic signals. Stroke, 26(6), 1123.
Monitoring and Detection of Vasospasm
2011
Chhor V, Le Manach Y, Clarençon F, Nouet A, Daban JL, Abdennour L, et al.
Admission risk factors for cerebral vasospasm in ruptured brain arteriovenous malformations: An observational study.
Critical Care (London, England) 2011; 15: R190.
2011
Nakae R, Yokota H, Yoshida D, Teramoto A.
Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography for diagnosis of cerebral vasospasm after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: mean blood flow velocity ratio of the ipsilateral and contralateral middle cerebral arteries.
Neurosurgery 2011; 69: 876-883; discussion 883.
2011
Spiotta AM, Provencio JJ, Rasmussen PA, Manno E.
Brain monitoring after subarachnoid hemorrhage: lessons learned.
Neurosurgery 2011; 69: 755-766; discussion 766.
2011
Washington CW, Zipfel GJ.
Detection and monitoring of vasospasm and delayed cerebral ischemia: A review and assessment of the literature.
Neurocrit Care 2011; 15: 312-317.
2010
Chou C-H, Reed SD, Allsbrook JS, Steele JL, Schulman KA, Alexander MJ.
Costs of vasospasm in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage.
Neurosurgery 2010; 67: 345-351; discussion 351-352.
2010
Marshall SA, Nyquist P, Ziai WC.
The role of transcranial Doppler ultrasonography in the diagnosis and management of vasospasm after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage.
Neurosurg. Clin. N. Am 2010; 21: 291-303.
2010
Marshall SA, Kathuria S, Nyquist P, Gandhi D.
Noninvasive imaging techniques in the diagnosis and management of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage.
Neurosurg. Clin. N. Am. 2010; 21: 305-323.
2010
Yokose N, Sakatani K, Murata Y, Awano T, Igarashi T, Nakamura S, et al.
Bedside monitoring of cerebral blood oxygenation and hemodynamics after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage by quantitative time-resolved near-infrared spectroscopy.
World Neurosurg 2010; 73: 508-513.
2008
Fontanella M, Valfrè W, Benech F, Carlino C, Garbossa D, Ferrio M, et al.
Vasospasm after SAH due to aneurysm rupture of the anterior circle of Willis: value of TCD monitoring.
Neurol. Res. 2008; 30: 256-261.
2008
Han PY, Kim JH, Kang HI, Moon BG, Lee SJ, Kim JS.
Is Transcranial Doppler Ultrasonography Old-fashioned?: One Institutional Validity Study.
J Korean Neurosurg Soc 2008; 44: 63-66.
2008
Ionita CC, Graffagnino C, Alexander MJ, Zaidat OO.
The value of CT angiography and transcranial Doppler sonography in triaging suspected cerebral vasospasm in SAH prior to endovascular therapy.
Neurocrit Care 2008; 9: 8-12.
2008
Rigamonti A, Ackery A, Baker AJ.
Transcranial Doppler monitoring in subarachnoid hemorrhage: A critical tool in critical care.
Can J Anaesth 2008; 55: 112-123.
2008
Scherle-Matamoros CE, Perez-Nellar J, Castro-Jimenez M.
Clinical usefulness of transcranial Doppler ultrasound imaging in the diagnosis of cerebral vasospasm in subarachnoid haemorrhage. A validation study.
Rev Neurol 2008; 47: 295-298.
2007
Constantoyannis C, Sakellaropoulos GC, Kagadis GC, Katsakiori PF, Maraziotis T, Nikiforidis GC, et al.
Transcranial cerebral oximetry and transcranial Doppler sonography in patients with ruptured cerebral aneurysms and delayed cerebral vasospasm.
Med. Sci. Monit. 2007; 13: MT35-40.
2007
Gonzalez NR, Boscardin WJ, Glenn T, Vinuela F, Martin NA.
Vasospasm probability index: a combination of transcranial Doppler velocities, cerebral blood flow, and clinical risk factors to predict cerebral vasospasm after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage.
J. Neurosurg. 2007; 107: 1101-1112.
2006
Lee JY, Lee MS, Whang K, Lee JM, Kim SH, Lee SS.
Accuracy of transcranial Doppler sonography for predicting cerebral infarction in aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage.
J Clin Ultrasound 2006; 34: 380-384.
2006
Sviri GE, Ghodke B, Britz GW, Douville CM, Haynor DR, Mesiwala AH, et al.
Transcranial Doppler grading criteria for basilar artery vasospasm.
Neurosurgery 2006; 59: 360-366; discussion 360-366.
2005
Naval NS, Thomas CE, Urrutia VC.
"Naval NS, Thomas CE, Urrutia VC.
Relative changes in flow velocities in vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage: A transcranial Doppler study.
Neurocrit Care 2005; 2: 133-140.
Right-Left Shunt Detection
2020
Yu, X., Yang, J., & Wu, D.
The Value of c-TCD in the Diagnosis of Migraine and Cryptogenic Stroke Caused by PFO. Journal of Clinical and Nursing Research, 4(2).
2014
Gevorgyan R, Perlowski A, Shenoda M, Mojadidi MK, Agrawal H, Tobis JM.
Sensitivity of brachial versus femoral vein injection of agitated saline to detect right-to-left shunts with transcranial Doppler.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv 2014 Jan 9 [E-pub ahead of print]
2014
Kim BJ, Kim NY, Kang DW, Kim JS, Kwon SU.
Provoked right-to-left shunt in patent foramen ovale associates with ischemic stroke in posterior circulation.
Stroke. 2014;45:3707–3710
2014
Komar M, Olszowska M, Przewłocki T, Podolec J, Stępniewski J, Sobień B, Badacz R, Kabłak-Ziembicka A, et al.
Transcranial doppler ultrasonography should it be the first choice for persistent foramen ovale screening?
Komar et al. Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014, 12:16
2014
Marius, R. A., Iliuta, L., Guberna, S. M., & Sinescu, C.
The role of ankle-brachial index for predicting peripheral arterial disease. Maedica, 9(3), 295.
2012
Martínez-Sánchez P, Medina-Báez J, Lara-Lara M, Oliva-Navarro J, Cazorla-García R, Ruiz-Ares G, et al.
Low sensitivity of the echocardiograph compared with contrast transcranial Doppler in right-to-left shunt.
Neurologia. 2012 Mar; 27(2):61-7.
2011
Agustin SJU, Yumul MP, Kalaw AJL, Teo BC, Eng J, Phua Z, et al.
Effects of posture on right-to-left shunt detection by contrast transcranial Doppler.
Stroke 2011; 42: 2201-2205.
2011
Corrado G, Massironi L, Torta D, Rigo F, Beretta S, Sansalone D, et al.
Contrast transthoracic echocardiography versus transcranial Doppler for patent foramen ovale detection.
Int. J. Cardiol. 2011; 150: 235-237.
2011
Forteza AM, Koch S, Campo-Bustillo I, Gutierrez J, Haussen DC, Rabinstein AA, et al.
Transcranial Doppler detection of cerebral fat emboli and relation to paradoxical embolism: A pilot study.
Circulation 2011; 123: 1947-1952.
2011
McCandless RT, Arrington CB, Nielsen DC, Bale JF Jr, Minich LL.
Patent foramen ovale in children with migraine headaches.
J. Pediatr. 2011; 159: 243-247.e1.
2011
Shariat A, Yaghoubi E, Nemati R, Aghasadeghi K, Borhani Haghighi A.
Comparison of Agitated Saline Mixed with Blood to Agitated Saline Alone in Detecting Right-to-Left Shunt during Contrast- Transcranial Doppler Sonography Examination.
Acta Neurol Taiwan 2011; 20: 182-187.
2011
Tsivgoulis G, Stamboulis E, Sharma Vijay K, Heliopoulos I, Voumvourakis K, Teoh HL, et al.
Safety of transcranial Doppler „bubble study“ for identification of right to left shunts: An international multicentre study.
J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatr. 2011; 82: 1206-1208.
2010
Lange MC, Zétola VF, Piovesan EJ, Werneck LC.
Valsalva manoeuvre procedures in the diagnosis of right-to-left shunt by contrast-enhanced transcranial Doppler using agitated saline solution with blood as a contrast agent.
Arq Neuropsiquiatr 2010; 68: 410-413.
2010
Van H, Poommipanit P, Shalaby M, Gevorgyan R, Tseng CH, Tobis J.
Sensitivity of transcranial Doppler versus intracardiac echocardiography in the detection of right-to-left shunt.
JACC Cardiovasc Imaging 2010; 3(4): 343-348.
2010
Zivanović Z, Ruzicka-Kaloci S, Jesić A, Radovanović B, Lucić-Prokin A, Slankamenac P.
Paradoxical emboli-clinical importance of transcranial Doppler for detection of patent foramen ovale.
Med. Pregl. 2010; 63: 445-449.
2009
Caputi L, Carriero MR, Falcone C, Parati E, Piotti P, Materazzo C, et al.
Transcranial Doppler and transesophageal echocardiography: Comparison of both techniques and prospective clinical relevance of transcranial Doppler in patent foramen ovale detection.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2009; 18: 343-348.
2009
Jesurum JT, Fuller CJ, Moehring MA, Renz J, Harley M, Spencer MP.
Unilateral versus bilateral middle cerebral artery detection of right-to-left shunt by power M-mode transcranial Doppler.
J Neuroimaging 2009; 19: 235-241.
2009
Jesurum JT, Fuller CJ, Renz J, Krabill KA, Spencer MP, Reisman M.
Diagnosis of secondary source of right-to-left shunt with balloon occlusion of patent foramen ovale and power M-mode transcranial Doppler.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv 2009; 2: 561-567.
2009
Mangiafico S, Scandura S, Ussia GP, Privitera A, Capodanno D, Petralia A, et al.
Transesophageal echocardiography and transcranial color Doppler: Independent or complementary diagnostic tests for cardiologists in the detection of patent foramen ovale?
J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown) 2009; 10: 143-148.
2009
Sastry S, MacNab A, Daly K, Ray S, McCollum C.
Transcranial Doppler detection of venous-to-arterial circulation shunts: criteria for patent foramen ovale.
J Clin Ultrasound 2009; 37: 276-280.
2007
Del Sette M, Dinia L, Rizzi D, Sugo A, Albano B, Gandolfo C.
Diagnosis of right-to-left shunt with transcranial Doppler and vertebrobasilar recording.
Stroke 2007; 38: 2254-2256.
2007
Lao AY, Sharma V K, Tsivgoulis G, Malkoff MD, Alexandrov AV, Frey JL.
Effect of body positioning during transcranial Doppler detection of right-to-left shunts.
Eur. J. Neurol. 2007; 14: 1035-1039.
2007
Sastry S, Daly K, Chengodu T, McCollum C.
Is transcranial Doppler for the detection of venous-to-arterial circulation shunts reproducible?
Cerebrovasc. Dis. 2007; 23: 424-429.
2007
Saver, J. L.
Cryptogenic stroke in patients with patent foramen ovale. Current atherosclerosis reports, 9(4), 319-325.
2006
Engelhardt M, Folkers W, Brenke C, Scholz M, Harders A, Fidorra H, et al.
Neurosurgical operations with the patient in sitting position: analysis of risk factors using transcranial Doppler sonography.
Br J Anaesth 2006; 96: 467-472.
2006
Nedeltchev K, Mattle HP.
Contrast-enhanced transcranial Doppler ultrasound for diagnosis of patent foramen ovale.
Front Neurol Neurosci 2006; 21: 206-215.
2005
Homma, S., & Sacco, R. L.
Patent foramen ovale and stroke. Circulation, 112(7), 1063-1072.
2000
Jauss, M., & Zanette, E.
Detection of right-to-left shunt with ultrasound contrast agent and transcranial Doppler sonography. Cerebrovascular diseases, 10(6), 490-496.
1999
Droste, D. W., Kriete, J. U., Stypmann, J., Castrucci, M., Wichter, T., Tietje, R., ... & Ringelstein, E. B.
Contrast transcranial Doppler ultrasound in the detection of right-to-left shunts: comparison of different procedures and different contrast agents. Stroke, 30(9), 1827-1832.
1999
Schwarze, J. J., Sander, D., Kukla, C., Wittich, I., Babikian, V. L., & Klingelhofer, J.
Methodological parameters influence the detection of right-to-left shunts by contrast transcranial Doppler ultrasonography. Stroke, 30(6), 1234-1239.
1996
Zanette, E. M., Mancini, G., De Castro, S., Solaro, M., Cartoni, D., & Chiarotti, F.
Patent foramen ovale and transcranial Doppler: comparison of different procedures. Stroke, 27(12), 2251-2255.
Hao N, Liu K, Guo ZN, Wu X, Yang Y, Xing Y.
Comparison of two contrast agents for right-to-left shunt diagnosis with contrast-enhanced transcranial Doppler.
Ultrasound Med Biol 40, 2317–2320.